J Med Life Sci > Volume 13(2); 2016 > Article
Journal of Medicine and Life Science 2016;13(2):78-80.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.22730/jmls.2016.13.2.78    Published online December 18, 2018.
자세성 질식 - 고정 시반을 통한 자세의 재구성 -
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A case of Positional asphyxia - The importance of Livor Mortis -
Sang Hun Kim, Seong Mi Kim, Hyun Wook Kang
Correspondence:  Hyun Wook Kang,
Abstract
Positional(postural) asphyxia has been defined as asphyxia caused by unusual position of the body, leading to the inability to expand the chest wall, which interferes with pulmonary ventilation, hence leading to respiratory failure. The diagnosis is usually based on circumstantial evidence in conjunction with excluding other significant underlying causes of death. In absence of the scene information, the diagnostic difficulties are evident because in the majority of such cases, the autopsy gives only negative results or reveals only slight signs of generic, nonspecific asphyxiation that are compatible with other, even natural, causes of death. The characteristic distribution of postmortem hypostasis, and the stiffening of the body in that position were additional confirmatory evidence to that fact. The importance of this case report is attributed to the availability of hypostasis fixed in the undisturbed decedent that is extremely helpful in illustrating the cause and the manner of death.
Key Words: Positional Asphyxia, Postural, Hypostasis, Livor Mortis
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