J Med Life Sci > Volume 14(2); 2017 > Article
Journal of Medicine and Life Science 2017;14(2):57-61.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.22730/jmls.2017.14.2.57    Published online December 18, 2018.
임신 초기 클라미디아 선별검사의 의의
Significance of antenatal chlamydia trachomatis infection screening test
Hye Sim Kang
Correspondence:  Hye Sim Kang,
The objective of this study was to estimate the prevalence for Chlamydia trachomatis infection in first trimester pregnancy in korea.
From March, 2013 to December, 2015, Chlamydia trachomatis screening test were performed on women who visited the outpatient clinic for antenatal check. Specimens are taked from the endocervix or vagina and analysed by polymerase chain reaction. Medical records including age, parity, pregnancy outcome were reviewed.
Total 199 women were tested at first trimester pregnancy, of those tested women, 3.52% and 0% tested positive for chlaymydia and gonococcal infection. There were no significant difference between the infected and noninfected group. During the same period, the prevalence of chlamydia in those who were diagnosed pelvic inflammatory disease was 9.6% (15/156).
According to the current Centers for Disease Control and Prevention(CDC) guidelines, all pregnant women should be routinely screened for Chlamyidia trachomatis at the first prenatal visit. The reported Chlamydia prevalence in the united states in 2012 was 3.5%, this prevalence is similar to our country. Therefore the screening and treatment of Chlamydia trachomatis are necessary to prevention of obstetrical complication and neonatal infection.
Key Words: Antenatal, Chlamydia, Screening
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