J Med Life Sci > Volume 17(1); 2020 > Article
Journal of Medicine and Life Science 2020;17(1):29-32.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.22730/jmls.2020.17.1.29    Published online April 30, 2020.
호흡기세포융합바이러스감염증 역학조사 수행절차 제안
김대순1, 배종면2
1충남대학교 일반대학원 보건학과
2제주대학교 의과대학 예방의학교실
Recommendation for Conducting Process of an Epidemiological Survey in Respiratory Syncytial Virus Infection
Dae Soon Kim1, Jong-Myon Bae2
1Department of Public Health, Chungnam National University Graduate School, Daejeon, Republic of Korea
2Department of Preventive Medicine, Jeju National University College of Medicine, Jeju Province, Republic of Korea
Correspondence:  Jong-Myon Bae, Tel: 82-64-755-5567, Fax: 82-64-758-3231,  Email: jmbae@jejunu.ac.kr
Abstract
As respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) is transmitted either via directly contact with an infected case or via indirectly contaminated fomites or skin, the major preventive measures are strict hand hygiene, early detection of transmitted sources, and rapid isolation of RSV patients. Especially early detection of hidden cases is the most critical control measure when an index case was notified in a postpartum center. The Guideline of Korea Centers for Diseases Control and Prevention defines potential contacts in an epidemiologic survey as admitted newborns, parents of index cases, center’s workers, and visitors for 10 days before the first diagnosis day of index case. However, it needs to classify potential contacts in more detail in order to conduct a successful survey. Authors conducted to search related literatures and appraise the evidences. Firstly, potential contacts would be classified into RSV-related symptomatic contacts (SxC) and asymptomatic contacts. And then, mother, caring workers, and visitors of the index cases among asymptomatic contacts would be defined as the asymptomatic close contacts (ASCC). Finally, the rest would be defined as the asymptomatic regular contacts (ASRC). The defined test using reverse transcription-PCR is applied to SxC and ASCC, and decision of isolation or regular activities are made according to the results. The rapid antigen detection test kits are applied to ASRC. These suggestions might be helpful to detect hidden cases earlier and prevent a further infection.
Key Words: Respiratory, syncytial, virus, infections, disease, outbreaks
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